Impacto social y económico del capital humano en las microempresas: un contraste colombiano y global

Palabras clave: capital humano, COVID-19, emergencia social y económica, MiPymes

Resumen

El capital humano es un factor determinante en las empresas, aunque la crisis económica y social que vive el mundo a causa del brote del coronavirus le ha producido afectaciones de gran impacto debido a las altas tasas de desempleo. Objetivo. Describir las afectaciones causadas al capital humano en las microempresas durante la emergencia social y económica a causa de la COVID-19. Metodología. La metodología se basa en una
revisión de publicaciones en la base de datos Scopus con el uso del software VOSviewer y un contraste con los reportes generados por los órganos de control en Colombia. Resultados. Los resultados muestran las principales problemáticas que vive el capital humano a nivel global
como son altas tasas de desempleo que aumentaron los suicidios, la recesión económica de las empresas, la afectación en la salud mental de los trabajadores y los efectos económicos por el cese de actividades. Conclusiones. Se concluye que las afectaciones a la pérdida de empleos estuvieron más concentradas en algunas actividades como el transporte de pasajeros y los servicios de turismo.

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Biografía del autor/a

Deivi David Fuentes Doria, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana

Postdoctorado en Gestión de la Ciencia y la Tecnología. Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Montería, Colombia

Melisa Andrea Fajardo Pereira, Universidad Rafael Belloso Chacín

Doctoranda en Ciencias-Gerencia. Universidad Rafael Belloso Chacín, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

José Luis Díaz Ballesteros, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana

Magíster en Administración e Innovación. Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Montería, Colombia

Johana Elisa Fajardo Pereira, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia

Doctoranda en Ciencias-Gerencia. Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Montería, Colombia.

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Publicado
2021-12-15
Cómo citar
Fuentes Doria, D. D., Fajardo Pereira, M. A., Díaz Ballesteros, J. L., & Fajardo Pereira, J. E. (2021). Impacto social y económico del capital humano en las microempresas: un contraste colombiano y global. Revista Perspectiva Empresarial, 8(2), 104-121. https://doi.org/10.16967/23898186.721
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